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Bootstrap--模仿官网写一个页面

时间:2015-05-27 编辑:橙子在上海 来源:本站整理

本文参考Bootstrap官方文档写了简单页面来熟悉Bootstrap的栅格系统、常用CSS样、Javascript插件和部分组件。

以下html代码可以直接复制本地运行:

BootstrapPage1:常见的一种页面类型,页面导航,左侧分类、右侧新闻列表:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
<head>
    <meta charset="utf-8"/>

    <!-- 这个属性主要是设置浏览器优先使用什么模式来渲染页面的-->
    <!-- #下面的meta标签告诉IE浏览器,IE8/9及以后的版本都会以最高版本IE来渲染页面。  -->
    <meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="IE=edge"/>


    <!--移动设备都是这Viewport里面打开,width=device-width表示打开页面默认和设备一致,initial-scale=1表示页面不进行缩放   -->
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1"/>
    <!-- 上述3个meta标签*必须*放在最前面,任何其他内容都*必须*跟随其后! -->
    <title>Bootstrap 101 Template</title>

    <!-- Bootstrap -->
    <!--<link href="css/bootstrap.min.css" rel="stylesheet"/>-->
    <!-- 新 Bootstrap 核心 CSS 文件 -->
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="http://cdn.bootcss.com/bootstrap/3.3.4/css/bootstrap.min.css" />

    <!--低版本浏览器如果支持HTML5需要添加以下JS-->
    <!-- HTML5 shim and Respond.js for IE8 support of HTML5 elements and media queries -->
    <!-- WARNING: Respond.js doesn't work if you view the page via file:// -->
    <!--[if lt IE 9]>
      <script src="http://cdn.bootcss.com/html5shiv/3.7.2/html5shiv.min.js"></script>
      <script src="http://cdn.bootcss .com/respond.js/1.4.2/respond.min.js"></script>
    <![endif]-->

</head>
<body>
    <!-- --导航条  默认高度50px, 反色(黑色) 固定在顶部 -->
    <nav class="navbar navbar-inverse .navbar-fixed-top">
        <div class="container-fluid">
            <!-- Brand and toggle get grouped for better mobile display -->
            <div class="navbar-header">
                <!--当浏览器宽度变窄的时候会显示这个Button按钮,并且会把data-target中的div中ul收缩导航到Button下方-->
                <button type="button" class="navbar-toggle collapsed" data-toggle="collapse" data-target="#bs-example-navbar-collapse-1">
                    <!--定义小按钮的样式-->
                    <span class="sr-only">Toggle navigation</span>
                    <!-- 页面变窄时 , 按钮的3条横线 -->
                    <span class="icon-bar"></span>
                    <span class="icon-bar"></span>
                    <span class="icon-bar"></span>
                </button>
                <!--Logo位置-->
                <a class="navbar-brand" href="#">橙子的博客</a>

            </div>

            <!-- Collect the nav links, forms, and other content for toggling -->
            <div class="collapse navbar-collapse" id="bs-example-navbar-collapse-1">
                <ul class="nav navbar-nav">
                    <!--导航条内容-->
                    <li class="active"><a href="#">首页 <span class="sr-only">(current)</span></a></li>
                    <li><a href="#">.NET</a></li>
                    <li><a href="#">PS</a></li>
                    <li><a href="#">AE</a></li>
                    <li class="dropdown">
                        <a href="#" class="dropdown-toggle" data-toggle="dropdown" role="button" aria-expanded="false">.NET学习资料<span class="caret"></span></a>
                        <ul class="dropdown-menu" role="menu">
                            <li><a href="#">C#入门经典</a></li>
                            <li><a href="#">ASP.NET 原理</a></li>
                            <li><a href="#">ASP.NET 实例</a></li>
                            <li class="divider"></li>
                            <li><a href="#">C#高级</a></li>
                            <li class="divider"></li>
                            <li><a href="#">ASP.NET MVC</a></li>
                        </ul>
                    </li>
                </ul>
                <!--搜索表单-->
                <form class="navbar-form navbar-left" role="search">
                    <div class="form-group">
                        <input type="text" class="form-control" placeholder="Search"/>
                    </div>
                    <button type="submit" class="btn btn-default">搜索</button>
                </form>
                <ul class="nav navbar-nav navbar-right">
                    <li><a href="#">Git Fork</a></li>
                    <li class="dropdown">
                        <a href="#" class="dropdown-toggle" data-toggle="dropdown" role="button" aria-expanded="false">联系我们 <span class="caret"></span></a>
                        <ul class="dropdown-menu" role="menu">
                            <li><a href="#">地址</a></li>
                            <li><a href="#">电话</a></li>
                            <li><a href="#">邮箱</a></li>
                            <li class="divider"></li>
                            <li><a href="#">微信</a></li>
                        </ul>
                    </li>
                </ul>
            </div>
            <!-- /.navbar-collapse -->
        </div>
        <!-- /.container-fluid -->
    </nav>

    <!--------栅格系统, 全局CSS样式-栅格系统  -------->

    <!--栅格系统放在container容器中-->
    <div class="container" style="margin-top: -15px">
        <!--添加一行占用12列,添加img-->
        <div class="row">
            <div class="col-sm-12">
                <img src="http://c.s-microsoft.com/zh-cn/CMSImages/ThemisLaunch_FamilyLabeledBG_1600x560_ZH_CN.jpg?version=ebc4725d-6c92-54d9-dcb0-cd5a9820b54b" style="width: 1180px; height: 390px" />
            </div>
        </div>


        <!--页面分为左右两部分 4:8-->
        <div class="row" style="margin-top: 5px">
            <div class="col-sm-4">
                <!--添加列表组件-->
                <div class="list-group">
                    <a href="#" class="list-group-item active">关注关注>关注关注>关注关注
                    </a>
                    <a href="#" class="list-group-item">新闻新闻新闻新闻新闻新闻</a>
                    <a href="#" class="list-group-item">精华精华精华精华精华精华</a>
                    <a href="#" class="list-group-item">我评我评我评我评我评我评</a>
                    <a href="#" class="list-group-item">我赞我赞我赞我赞我赞我赞</a>
                </div>
            </div>
            <div class="col-sm-8">


                <table class="table table-bordered table-striped table-hover table-condensed">
                    <tr class="active">
                        <td>activeactiveactiveactiveactiveactiveactive</td>
                    </tr>
                    <tr class="success">

                        <td>successsuccesssuccesssuccesssuccesssuccess</td>
                    </tr>
                    <tr class="warning">
                        <td>warningwarningwarningwarningwarningwarning</td>
                    </tr>
                    <tr class="danger">
                        <td>dangerdangerdangerdangerdangerdangerdanger</td>
                    </tr>
                    <tr class="info">
                        <td>infoinfoinfoinfoinfoinfoinfoinfoinfoinfoinfo</td>
                    </tr>
                    <tr class="active">
                        <td>微软再放大招,Win10后续功能更新免费</td>
                    </tr>
                    <tr class="success">
                        <td>官方确认,Cortana将登陆iOS和Android平台</td>
                    </tr>
                    <tr class="danger">
                        <td>Microsoft Edge中新的F12开发者工具</td>
                    </tr>
                    <tr class="info">
                        <td>Microsoft Edge体验:微软对浏览器的重新思考</td>
                    </tr>
                    <tr class="success">
                        <td>Microsoft Azure位居Nasuni存储基准测试之首</td>
                    </tr>

                </table>

                <!-- 添加分页效果-->
                <nav>
                    <ul class="pagination">
                        <li>
                            <a href="#" aria-label="Previous">
                                <span aria-hidden="true">«</span>
                            </a>
                        </li>
                        <li><a href="#">1</a></li>
                        <li><a href="#">2</a></li>
                        <li><a href="#">3</a></li>
                        <li><a href="#">4</a></li>
                        <li><a href="#">5</a></li>
                        <li>
                            <a href="#" aria-label="Next">
                                <span aria-hidden="true">»</span>
                            </a>
                        </li>
                    </ul>
                </nav>

            </div>
        </div>

    </div>




    <!-- jQuery (necessary for Bootstrap's JavaScript plugins) -->
    <script src="http://cdn.bootcss.com/jquery/1.11.2/jquery.min.js"></script>

    <!-- Bootstrap核心js依赖于jQuery,所以要先引用jQuery-->
    <!-- Include all compiled plugins (below), or include individual files as needed -->
   
    <!-- 最新的 Bootstrap 核心 JavaScript 文件 -->
    <script src="http://cdn.bootcss.com/bootstrap/3.3.4/js/bootstrap.min.js"></script>
</body>
</html>
View Code

BootstrapPage2:导航、轮播以及页签 进度条

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
<head>
    <meta charset="utf-8" />

    <!-- 这个属性主要是设置浏览器优先使用什么模式来渲染页面的-->
    <!-- #下面的meta标签告诉IE浏览器,IE8/9及以后的版本都会以最高版本IE来渲染页面。  -->
    <meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="IE=edge" />


    <!--移动设备都是这Viewport里面打开,width=device-width表示打开页面默认和设备一致,initial-scale=1表示页面不进行缩放   -->
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1" />
    <!-- 上述3个meta标签*必须*放在最前面,任何其他内容都*必须*跟随其后! -->
    <title>Bootstrap 101 Template</title>

    <!-- Bootstrap -->
    <!--<link href="css/bootstrap.min.css" rel="stylesheet" />-->
    <!-- 新 Bootstrap 核心 CSS 文件 -->
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="http://cdn.bootcss.com/bootstrap/3.3.4/css/bootstrap.min.css" />

    <!--低版本浏览器如果支持HTML5需要添加以下js-->
    <!-- HTML5 shim and Respond.js for IE8 support of HTML5 elements and media queries -->
    <!-- WARNING: Respond.js doesn't work if you view the page via file:// -->
    <!--[if lt IE 9]>
      <script src="http://cdn.bootcss.com/html5shiv/3.7.2/html5shiv.min.js"></script>
      <script src="http://cdn.bootcss .com/respond.js/1.4.2/respond.min.js"></script>
    <![endif]-->

</head>
<body>
    <!-- --导航条  默认高度50px, 反色(黑色) 固定在顶部 -->
    <nav class="navbar navbar-inverse .navbar-fixed-top">
        <div class="container-fluid">
            <!-- Brand and toggle get grouped for better mobile display -->
            <div class="navbar-header">
                <!--当浏览器宽度变窄的时候会显示这个Button按钮,并且会把data-target中的div中ul收缩导航到Button下方-->
                <button type="button" class="navbar-toggle collapsed" data-toggle="collapse" data-target="#bs-example-navbar-collapse-1">
                    <!--定义小按钮的样式-->
                    <span class="sr-only">Toggle navigation</span>
                    <!-- 页面变窄时 , 按钮的3条横线 -->
                    <span class="icon-bar"></span>
                    <span class="icon-bar"></span>
                    <span class="icon-bar"></span>
                </button>
                <!--Logo位置-->
                <a class="navbar-brand" href="#">橙子的博客</a>

            </div>

            <!-- Collect the nav links, forms, and other content for toggling -->
            <div class="collapse navbar-collapse" id="bs-example-navbar-collapse-1">
                <ul class="nav navbar-nav">
                    <!--导航条内容-->
                    <li class="active"><a href="#">首页 <span class="sr-only">(current)</span></a></li>
                    <li><a href="#">.NET</a></li>
                    <li><a href="#">PS</a></li>
                    <li><a href="#">AE</a></li>
                    <li class="dropdown">
                        <a href="#" class="dropdown-toggle" data-toggle="dropdown" role="button" aria-expanded="false">.NET学习资料<span class="caret"></span></a>
                        <ul class="dropdown-menu" role="menu">
                            <li><a href="#">C#入门经典</a></li>
                            <li><a href="#">ASP.NET 原理</a></li>
                            <li><a href="#">ASP.NET 实例</a></li>
                            <li class="divider"></li>
                            <li><a href="#">C#高级</a></li>
                            <li class="divider"></li>
                            <li><a href="#">ASP.NET MVC</a></li>
                        </ul>
                    </li>
                </ul>
                <!--搜索表单-->
                <form class="navbar-form navbar-left" role="search">
                    <div class="form-group">
                        <input type="text" class="form-control" placeholder="Search" />
                    </div>
                    <button type="submit" class="btn btn-default">搜索</button>
                </form>
                <ul class="nav navbar-nav navbar-right">
                    <li><a href="#">Git Fork</a></li>
                    <li class="dropdown">
                        <a href="#" class="dropdown-toggle" data-toggle="dropdown" role="button" aria-expanded="false">联系我们 <span class="caret"></span></a>
                        <ul class="dropdown-menu" role="menu">
                            <li><a href="#">地址</a></li>
                            <li><a href="#">电话</a></li>
                            <li><a href="#">邮箱</a></li>
                            <li class="divider"></li>
                            <li><a href="#">微信</a></li>
                        </ul>
                    </li>
                </ul>
            </div>
            <!-- /.navbar-collapse -->
        </div>
        <!-- /.container-fluid -->
    </nav>


    <!--javascript插件,添加carousel轮播图-->
    <div id="carousel-example-generic" class="carousel slide" data-ride="carousel" style="margin-top: -20px">
        <!-- Indicators -->
        <ol class="carousel-indicators">
            <li data-target="#carousel-example-generic" data-slide-to="0" class="active"></li>
            <li data-target="#carousel-example-generic" data-slide-to="1"></li>
            <li data-target="#carousel-example-generic" data-slide-to="2"></li>
        </ol>

        <!-- Wrapper for slides -->
        <div class="carousel-inner" role="listbox">
            <div class="item active">
                <img src="http://c.s-microsoft.com/zh-cn/CMSImages/ThemisLaunch_FamilyLabeledBG_1600x560_ZH_CN.jpg?version=ebc4725d-6c92-54d9-dcb0-cd5a9820b54b" />
                <div class="carousel-caption">
                    <h2>Surface Pro 3</h2>

                </div>
            </div>
            <div class="item">
                <img src="http://c.s-microsoft.com/zh-cn/CMSImages/Ofc365_Evergreen2_0303_1600x560_EN_US.png?version=9a48efc1-14bf-bee9-5a17-f1f53e754385" />
                <div class="carousel-caption">
                    <h2>橙子在上海</h2>

                </div>
            </div>
            <div class="item">
                <img src="http://c.s-microsoft.com/zh-cn/CMSImages/ThemisLaunch_FamilyLabeledBG_1600x560_ZH_CN.jpg?version=ebc4725d-6c92-54d9-dcb0-cd5a9820b54b" />
                <div class="carousel-caption">
                    <h2>Hello World</h2>

                </div>
            </div>

        </div>

        <!-- Controls -->
        <a class="left carousel-control" href="#carousel-example-generic" role="button" data-slide="prev">
            <span class="glyphicon glyphicon-chevron-left" aria-hidden="true"></span>
            <span class="sr-only">Previous</span>
        </a>
        <a class="right carousel-control" href="#carousel-example-generic" role="button" data-slide="next">
            <span class="glyphicon glyphicon-chevron-right" aria-hidden="true"></span>
            <span class="sr-only">Next</span>
        </a>
    </div>

    <!--CSS样式图片、 组件按钮组-->
    <!--一行分为3份,其中添加按钮和图片-->
    <div class="row">

        <div class="col-sm-4" style="text-align: center">
            <!--设置图片样式,圆角-->
            <img src="/article/UploadPic/2015-5/20155272107646.png" class="img-rounded" />
            <h3>Lumia-535</h3>
            <p>微软 Lumia 535 双卡双待手机,最新 Windows Phone 8.1 升级版智能操作系统,更流畅,安全,高效的体验</p>
            <div class="btn-group" role="group" aria-label="...">
                <button type="button" class="btn btn-default">详细</button>
                <button type="button" class="btn btn-default btn-success">购买</button>

            </div>
        </div>
        <div class="col-sm-4">
            <img src="/article/UploadPic/2015-5/20155272107229.png" class="img-rounded" />
            <h3>Lumia-640</h3>
            <p>
                微软 Lumia 640 双网双卡双4G手机,内置原装Office应用套装, 随时OneDrive同步存取Office文件,随身编辑更具效率
            </p>
            <div class="btn-group" role="group" aria-label="...">
                <button type="button" class="btn btn-default">详细</button>
                <button type="button" class="btn btn-default btn-success">购买</button>

            </div>
        </div>
        <div class="col-sm-4">
            <img src="/article/UploadPic/2015-5/20155272108478.png" class="img-rounded " />
            <h3>Lumia-830</h3>
            <p>诺基亚 Lumia 830,第一款内置Cortana的Lumia手机,专属你的个人智能助理</p>
            <div class="btn-group" role="group" aria-label="...">
                <button type="button" class="btn btn-default">详细</button>
                <button type="button" class="btn btn-default btn-success">购买</button>
            </div>
        </div>

        <!--添加标签页-->
        <div role="tabpanel">

            <!-- Nav tabs -->
            <ul class="nav nav-tabs" role="tablist">
                <li role="presentation" class="active"><a href="#home" aria-controls="home" role="tab" data-toggle="tab">Lumia-535</a></li>
                <li role="presentation"><a href="#profile" aria-controls="profile" role="tab" data-toggle="tab">Lumia-640</a></li>
                <li role="presentation"><a href="#messages" aria-controls="messages" role="tab" data-toggle="tab">Lumia-830</a></li>

            </ul>

            <!-- Tab panes -->
            <div class="tab-content">
                <div role="tabpanel" class="tab-pane active" id="home">
                    <!--添加文字和图片介绍-->
                      <div class="row">
                        <div class="col-sm-7">微软 Lumia 535 双卡双待手机,最新 Windows Phone 8.1 升级版智能操作系统,更流畅,安全,高效的体验</div>
                        <div class="col-sm-5">
                            <img src="/article/UploadPic/2015-5/20155272107229.png" class="img-rounded" />
                        </div>
                    </div>
                </div>
                <div role="tabpanel" class="tab-pane" id="profile">
                    <!--添加文字和图片介绍-->
                    <div class="row">
                        <div class="col-sm-7">微软 Lumia 640 双网双卡双4G手机,内置原装Office应用套装, 随时OneDrive同步存取Office文件,随身编辑更具效率</div>
                        <div class="col-sm-5">
                            <img src="/article/UploadPic/2015-5/20155272107229.png" class="img-rounded" />
                        </div>
                    </div>
                </div>
                <div role="tabpanel" class="tab-pane" id="messages">
                    <!--添加文字和图片介绍-->
                    <div class="row">
                        <div class="col-sm-7">诺基亚 Lumia 830,第一款内置Cortana的Lumia手机,专属你的个人智能助理</div>
                        <div class="col-sm-5">
                            <img src="/article/UploadPic/2015-5/20155272108478.png" class="img-rounded " />
                        </div>
                    </div>
                </div>

            </div>
    </div>

    </div>


    <br />
    <br />
    <div class="progress">
        <div class="progress-bar" role="progressbar" aria-valuenow="60" aria-valuemin="0" aria-valuemax="100" style="width: 60%;">
            60%
 
        </div>
    </div>

    <br />
    <br />
    <br />
    <br />




    <!-- jQuery (necessary for Bootstrap's JavaScript plugins) -->
    <script src="http://cdn.bootcss.com/jquery/1.11.2/jquery.min.js"></script>

    <!-- Bootstrap核心js依赖于jQuery,所以要先引用jQuery-->
    <!-- Include all compiled plugins (below), or include individual files as needed -->
    <!-- <script src="js/bootstrap.min.js"></script>-->

    <!-- 最新的 Bootstrap 核心 JavaScript 文件 -->
    <script src="http://cdn.bootcss.com/bootstrap/3.3.4/js/bootstrap.min.js"></script>
</body>
</html>
View Code

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1,Bootstrap是开源的前端开发工具包。是一个HTML/JavaScript/CSS框架,包含了丰富的Web组件(下拉菜单、导航条、进度条...)。

2,Bootstrap优势: ①支持响应式开发 , 让网站可以兼容多种不同分辨率设备,给用户更好的视觉体验

          ②丰富的而组件,按钮、表单、导航、下拉菜单、按钮组 等

          ③页面简洁美观,很简单的写出漂亮的页面

3,Bootstrap基础模板页面解读:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="zh-CN">
  <head>
    <meta charset="utf-8">

     <!-- 这个属性主要是设置浏览器优先使用什么模式来渲染页面的-->
     <!-- #下面的meta标签告诉IE浏览器,IE8/9及以后的版本都会以最高版本IE来渲染页面。  -->
    <meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="IE=edge">


    <!--移动设备都是这Viewport里面打开,width=device-width表示打开页面默认和设备一致,initial-scale=1表示页面不进行缩放   -->
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1">
    <!-- 上述3个meta标签*必须*放在最前面,任何其他内容都*必须*跟随其后! -->
    <title>Bootstrap 101 Template</title>

    <!-- Bootstrap -->
    <link href="css/bootstrap.min.css" rel="stylesheet">

      <!--低版本浏览器如果支持HTML5需要添加以下js-->
    <!-- HTML5 shim and Respond.js for IE8 support of HTML5 elements and media queries -->
    <!-- WARNING: Respond.js doesn't work if you view the page via file:// -->
    <!--[if lt IE 9]>
      <script src="http://cdn.bootcss.com/html5shiv/3.7.2/html5shiv.min.js"></script>
      <script src="http://cdn.bootcss.com/respond.js/1.4.2/respond.min.js"></script>
    <![endif]-->
  </head>
  <body>
    <h1>你好,世界!</h1>

    <!-- jQuery (necessary for Bootstrap's JavaScript plugins) -->
    <script src="http://cdn.bootcss.com/jquery/1.11.2/jquery.min.js"></script>

    <!-- Bootstrap核心js依赖于jQuery,所以要先引用jQuery-->
    <!-- Include all compiled plugins (below), or include individual files as needed -->
    <script src="js/bootstrap.min.js"></script>
  </body>
</html>

4,新建项目,把下载的Bootstrap包放入项目中。 新建HTML页面,复制模板页。学习Bootstrap怎么使用

  A, 页面中添加导航条。 Bootcss.com网站中  起步--组件--导航条 ,我们Copy代码 并作修改(实例代码中有英文注释可以帮助我们了解代码功能)

<!-- --导航条  默认高度50px, 反色(黑色) 固定在顶部 -->
    <nav class="navbar navbar-inverse .navbar-fixed-top">
        <div class="container-fluid">
            <!-- Brand and toggle get grouped for better mobile display -->
            <div class="navbar-header">
                <!--当浏览器宽度变窄的时候会显示这个Button按钮,并且会把data-target中的div中ul收缩导航到Button下方-->
                <button type="button" class="navbar-toggle collapsed" data-toggle="collapse" data-target="#bs-example-navbar-collapse-1">
                    <!--定义小按钮的样式-->
                    <span class="sr-only">Toggle navigation</span>
                    <!-- 页面变窄时 , 按钮的3条横线 -->
                    <span class="icon-bar"></span>
                    <span class="icon-bar"></span>
                    <span class="icon-bar"></span>
                </button>
                <!--Logo位置-->
                <a class="navbar-brand" href="#">橙子的博客</a>

            </div>

            <!-- Collect the nav links, forms, and other content for toggling -->
            <div class="collapse navbar-collapse" id="bs-example-navbar-collapse-1">
                <ul class="nav navbar-nav">
                    <!--导航条内容-->
                    <li class="active"><a href="#">首页 <span class="sr-only">(current)</span></a></li>
                    <li><a href="#">.NET</a></li>
                    <li><a href="#">PS</a></li>
                    <li><a href="#">AE</a></li>
                    <li class="dropdown">
                        <a href="#" class="dropdown-toggle" data-toggle="dropdown" role="button" aria-expanded="false">.NET学习资料<span class="caret"></span></a>
                        <ul class="dropdown-menu" role="menu">
                            <li><a href="#">C#入门经典</a></li>
                            <li><a href="#">ASP.NET 原理</a></li>
                            <li><a href="#">ASP.NET 实例</a></li>
                            <li class="divider"></li>
                            <li><a href="#">C#高级</a></li>
                            <li class="divider"></li>
                            <li><a href="#">ASP.NET MVC</a></li>
                        </ul>
                    </li>
                </ul>
                <!--搜索表单-->
                <form class="navbar-form navbar-left" role="search">
                    <div class="form-group">
                        <input type="text" class="form-control" placeholder="Search">
                    </div>
                    <button type="submit" class="btn btn-default">搜索</button>
                </form>
                <ul class="nav navbar-nav navbar-right">
                    <li><a href="#">Git Fork</a></li>
                    <li class="dropdown">
                        <a href="#" class="dropdown-toggle" data-toggle="dropdown" role="button" aria-expanded="false">联系我们 <span class="caret"></span></a>
                        <ul class="dropdown-menu" role="menu">
                            <li><a href="#">地址</a></li>
                            <li><a href="#">电话</a></li>
                            <li><a href="#">邮箱</a></li>
                            <li class="divider"></li>
                            <li><a href="#">微信</a></li>
                        </ul>
                    </li>
                </ul>
            </div>
            <!-- /.navbar-collapse -->
        </div>
        <!-- /.container-fluid -->
    </nav>

    B,导航下方添加一张图片,并设置图片的长宽

 <!--栅格系统放在container容器中-->
    <div class="container" style="margin-top: -15px">
        <!--添加一行占用12列,添加img-->
        <div class="row">
            <div class="col-sm-12">
                <img src="http://www.cnblogs.com/chengzish/p/images/2.png" style="width: 1180px; height: 390px" />
            </div>
        </div>
     </div>

    C, 图片下方添加一行,分为左右两部分4:8:左侧位分类导航(用列表组件)、右边为详细列表(表格)

<!--栅格系统放在container容器中-->
    <div class="container" style="margin-top: -15px">
        <!--添加一行占用12列,添加img-->
        <div class="row">
            <div class="col-sm-12">
                <img src="http://www.cnblogs.com/chengzish/p/images/2.png" style="width: 1180px; height: 390px" />
            </div>
        </div>


        <!--页面分为左右两部分 4:8-->
        <div class="row" style="margin-top: 5px">
            <div class="col-sm-4">
                <!--添加列表组件-->
                <div class="list-group">
                    <a href="#" class="list-group-item active">关注关注>关注关注>关注关注
                    </a>
                    <a href="#" class="list-group-item">新闻新闻新闻新闻新闻新闻</a>
                    <a href="#" class="list-group-item">精华精华精华精华精华精华</a>
                    <a href="#" class="list-group-item">我评我评我评我评我评我评</a>
                    <a href="#" class="list-group-item">我赞我赞我赞我赞我赞我赞</a>
                </div>
            </div>
            <div class="col-sm-8">


                <table class="table table-bordered table-striped table-hover table-condensed">
                    <tr class="active">
                        <td>activeactiveactiveactiveactiveactiveactive</td>
                    </tr>
                    <tr class="success">

                        <td>successsuccesssuccesssuccesssuccesssuccess</td>
                    </tr>
                    <tr class="warning">
                        <td>warningwarningwarningwarningwarningwarning</td>
                    </tr>
                    <tr class="danger">
                        <td>dangerdangerdangerdangerdangerdangerdanger</td>
                    </tr>
                    <tr class="info">
                        <td>infoinfoinfoinfoinfoinfoinfoinfoinfoinfoinfo</td>
                    </tr>
                    <tr class="active">
                        <td>微软再放大招,Win10后续功能更新免费</td>
                    </tr>
                    <tr class="success">
                        <td>官方确认,Cortana将登陆iOS和Android平台</td>
                    </tr>
                    <tr class="danger">
                        <td>Microsoft Edge中新的F12开发者工具</td>
                    </tr>
                    <tr class="info">
                        <td>Microsoft Edge体验:微软对浏览器的重新思考</td>
                    </tr>
                    <tr class="success">
                        <td>Microsoft Azure位居Nasuni存储基准测试之首</td>
                    </tr>

                </table>

            </div>
        </div>

    </div>

     4,BootstrapPage1.html页面完整代码。 这个页面在Bootstrap的基础上添加了导航、使用了栅格系统、表格、列表组件、标签

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
<head>
    <meta charset="utf-8"/>

    <!-- 这个属性主要是设置浏览器优先使用什么模式来渲染页面的-->
    <!-- #下面的meta标签告诉IE浏览器,IE8/9及以后的版本都会以最高版本IE来渲染页面。  -->
    <meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="IE=edge"/>


    <!--移动设备都是这Viewport里面打开,width=device-width表示打开页面默认和设备一致,initial-scale=1表示页面不进行缩放   -->
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1"/>
    <!-- 上述3个meta标签*必须*放在最前面,任何其他内容都*必须*跟随其后! -->
    <title>Bootstrap 101 Template</title>

    <!-- Bootstrap -->
    <link href="css/bootstrap.min.css" rel="stylesheet"/>

    <!--低版本浏览器如果支持HTML5需要添加以下js-->
    <!-- HTML5 shim and Respond.js for IE8 support of HTML5 elements and media queries -->
    <!-- WARNING: Respond.js doesn't work if you view the page via file:// -->
    <!--[if lt IE 9]>
      <script src="http://cdn.bootcss.com/html5shiv/3.7.2/html5shiv.min.js"></script>
      <script src="http://cdn.bootcss .com/respond.js/1.4.2/respond.min.js"></script>
    <![endif]-->

</head>
<body>
    <!-- --导航条  默认高度50px, 反色(黑色) 固定在顶部 -->
    <nav class="navbar navbar-inverse .navbar-fixed-top">
        <div class="container-fluid">
            <!-- Brand and toggle get grouped for better mobile display -->
            <div class="navbar-header">
                <!--当浏览器宽度变窄的时候会显示这个Button按钮,并且会把data-target中的div中ul收缩导航到Button下方-->
                <button type="button" class="navbar-toggle collapsed" data-toggle="collapse" data-target="#bs-example-navbar-collapse-1">
                    <!--定义小按钮的样式-->
                    <span class="sr-only">Toggle navigation</span>
                    <!-- 页面变窄时 , 按钮的3条横线 -->
                    <span class="icon-bar"></span>
                    <span class="icon-bar"></span>
                    <span class="icon-bar"></span>
                </button>
                <!--Logo位置-->
                <a class="navbar-brand" href="#">橙子的博客</a>

            </div>

            <!-- Collect the nav links, forms, and other content for toggling -->
            <div class="collapse navbar-collapse" id="bs-example-navbar-collapse-1">
                <ul class="nav navbar-nav">
                    <!--导航条内容-->
                    <li class="active"><a href="#">首页 <span class="sr-only">(current)</span></a></li>
                    <li><a href="#">.NET</a></li>
                    <li><a href="#">PS</a></li>
                    <li><a href="#">AE</a></li>
                    <li class="dropdown">
                        <a href="#" class="dropdown-toggle" data-toggle="dropdown" role="button" aria-expanded="false">.NET学习资料<span class="caret"></span></a>
                        <ul class="dropdown-menu" role="menu">
                            <li><a href="#">C#入门经典</a></li>
                            <li><a href="#">ASP.NET 原理</a></li>
                            <li><a href="#">ASP.NET 实例</a></li>
                            <li class="divider"></li>
                            <li><a href="#">C#高级</a></li>
                            <li class="divider"></li>
                            <li><a href="#">ASP.NET MVC</a></li>
                        </ul>
                    </li>
                </ul>
                <!--搜索表单-->
                <form class="navbar-form navbar-left" role="search">
                    <div class="form-group">
                        <input type="text" class="form-control" placeholder="Search"/>
                    </div>
                    <button type="submit" class="btn btn-default">搜索</button>
                </form>
                <ul class="nav navbar-nav navbar-right">
                    <li><a href="#">Git Fork</a></li>
                    <li class="dropdown">
                        <a href="#" class="dropdown-toggle" data-toggle="dropdown" role="button" aria-expanded="false">联系我们 <span class="caret"></span></a>
                        <ul class="dropdown-menu" role="menu">
                            <li><a href="#">地址</a></li>
                            <li><a href="#">电话</a></li>
                            <li><a href="#">邮箱</a></li>
                            <li class="divider"></li>
                            <li><a href="#">微信</a></li>
                        </ul>
                    </li>
                </ul>
            </div>
            <!-- /.navbar-collapse -->
        </div>
        <!-- /.container-fluid -->
    </nav>

    <!--------栅格系统, 全局CSS样式-栅格系统  -------->

    <!--栅格系统放在container容器中-->
    <div class="container" style="margin-top: -15px">
        <!--添加一行占用12列,添加img-->
        <div class="row">
            <div class="col-sm-12">
                <img src="http://www.cnblogs.com/chengzish/p/images/2.png" style="width: 1180px; height: 390px" />
            </div>
        </div>


        <!--页面分为左右两部分 4:8-->
        <div class="row" style="margin-top: 5px">
            <div class="col-sm-4">
                <!--添加列表组件-->
                <div class="list-group">
                    <a href="#" class="list-group-item active">关注关注>关注关注>关注关注
                    </a>
                    <a href="#" class="list-group-item">新闻新闻新闻新闻新闻新闻</a>
                    <a href="#" class="list-group-item">精华精华精华精华精华精华</a>
                    <a href="#" class="list-group-item">我评我评我评我评我评我评</a>
                    <a href="#" class="list-group-item">我赞我赞我赞我赞我赞我赞</a>
                </div>
            </div>
            <div class="col-sm-8">


                <table class="table table-bordered table-striped table-hover table-condensed">
                    <tr class="active">
                        <td>activeactiveactiveactiveactiveactiveactive</td>
                    </tr>
                    <tr class="success">

                        <td>successsuccesssuccesssuccesssuccesssuccess</td>
                    </tr>
                    <tr class="warning">
                        <td>warningwarningwarningwarningwarningwarning</td>
                    </tr>
                    <tr class="danger">
                        <td>dangerdangerdangerdangerdangerdangerdanger</td>
                    </tr>
                    <tr class="info">
                        <td>infoinfoinfoinfoinfoinfoinfoinfoinfoinfoinfo</td>
                    </tr>
                    <tr class="active">
                        <td>微软再放大招,Win10后续功能更新免费</td>
                    </tr>
                    <tr class="success">
                        <td>官方确认,Cortana将登陆iOS和Android平台</td>
                    </tr>
                    <tr class="danger">
                        <td>Microsoft Edge中新的F12开发者工具</td>
                    </tr>
                    <tr class="info">
                        <td>Microsoft Edge体验:微软对浏览器的重新思考</td>
                    </tr>
                    <tr class="success">
                        <td>Microsoft Azure位居Nasuni存储基准测试之首</td>
                    </tr>

                </table>

                <!-- 添加分页效果-->
                <nav>
                    <ul class="pagination">
                        <li>
                            <a href="#" aria-label="Previous">
                                <span aria-hidden="true">«</span>
                            </a>
                        </li>
                        <li><a href="#">1</a></li>
                        <li><a href="#">2</a></li>
                        <li><a href="#">3</a></li>
                        <li><a href="#">4</a></li>
                        <li><a href="#">5</a></li>
                        <li>
                            <a href="#" aria-label="Next">
                                <span aria-hidden="true">»</span>
                            </a>
                        </li>
                    </ul>
                </nav>

            </div>
        </div>

    </div>




    <!-- jQuery (necessary for Bootstrap's JavaScript plugins) -->
    <script src="http://cdn.bootcss.com/jquery/1.11.2/jquery.min.js"></script>

    <!-- Bootstrap核心js依赖于jQuery,所以要先引用jQuery-->
    <!-- Include all compiled plugins (below), or include individual files as needed -->
    <script src="js/bootstrap.min.js"></script>
</body>
</html>
View Code

5 , 再添加一个页面,看看其他一些组件、css样式的效果以及用法

  A, 新建页面,导入基本页面并Copy上个页面中的导航,添加 Javastript插件-轮播组件Carousel

 <!--javascript插件,添加carousel轮播图-->
    <div id="carousel-example-generic" class="carousel slide" data-ride="carousel" style="margin-top: -20px">
        <!-- Indicators -->
        <ol class="carousel-indicators">
            <li data-target="#carousel-example-generic" data-slide-to="0" class="active"></li>
            <li data-target="#carousel-example-generic" data-slide-to="1"></li>
            <li data-target="#carousel-example-generic" data-slide-to="2"></li>
        </ol>

        <!-- Wrapper for slides -->
        <div class="carousel-inner" role="listbox">
            <div class="item active">
                <img src="http://www.cnblogs.com/chengzish/p/images/1.jpg" />
                <div class="carousel-caption">
                    <h2>Surface Pro 3</h2>

                </div>
            </div>
            <div class="item">
                <img src="http://www.cnblogs.com/chengzish/p/images/2.png" />
                <div class="carousel-caption">
                    <h2>橙子在上海</h2>

                </div>
            </div>
            <div class="item">
                <img src="http://www.cnblogs.com/chengzish/p/images/1.jpg" />
                <div class="carousel-caption">
                    <h2>Hello World</h2>

                </div>
            </div>

        </div>

        <!-- Controls -->
        <a class="left carousel-control" href="#carousel-example-generic" role="button" data-slide="prev">
            <span class="glyphicon glyphicon-chevron-left" aria-hidden="true"></span>
            <span class="sr-only">Previous</span>
        </a>
        <a class="right carousel-control" href="#carousel-example-generic" role="button" data-slide="next">
            <span class="glyphicon glyphicon-chevron-right" aria-hidden="true"></span>
            <span class="sr-only">Next</span>
        </a>
    </div>

    B, Container中的 div row分为3份,col-sm-4 ;每一份中添加 图片和按钮,更改不同的class属性看一下效果:

 <!--CSS样式图片、 组件按钮组-->
    <!--一行分为3份,其中添加按钮和图片-->
    <div class="row">

        <div class="col-sm-4" style="text-align: center">
            <!--设置图片样式,圆角-->
            <img src="/article/UploadPic/2015-5/20155272107646.png" class="img-rounded" />
            <h3>Lumia-535</h3>
            <p>微软 Lumia 535 双卡双待手机,最新 Windows Phone 8.1 升级版智能操作系统,更流畅,安全,高效的体验</p>
            <div class="btn-group" role="group" aria-label="...">
                <button type="button" class="btn btn-default">详细</button>
                <button type="button" class="btn btn-default btn-success">购买</button>

            </div>
        </div>
        <div class="col-sm-4">
            <img src="/article/UploadPic/2015-5/20155272107229.png" class="img-rounded" />
            <h3>Lumia-640</h3>
            <p>
                微软 Lumia 640 双网双卡双4G手机,内置原装Office应用套装, 随时OneDrive同步存取Office文件,随身编辑更具效率
            </p>
            <div class="btn-group" role="group" aria-label="...">
                <button type="button" class="btn btn-default">详细</button>
                <button type="button" class="btn btn-default btn-success">购买</button>

            </div>
        </div>
        <div class="col-sm-4">
            <img src="/article/UploadPic/2015-5/20155272108478.png" class="img-rounded " />
            <h3>Lumia-830</h3>
            <p>诺基亚 Lumia 830,第一款内置Cortana的Lumia手机,专属你的个人智能助理</p>
            <div class="btn-group" role="group" aria-label="...">
                <button type="button" class="btn btn-default">详细</button>
                <button type="button" class="btn btn-default btn-success">购买</button>
            </div>
        </div>

    </div>

     C, 添加Javascript插件中的标签页:

  <!-- Tab panes -->
            <div class="tab-content">
                <div role="tabpanel" class="tab-pane active" id="home">
                    <!--添加文字和图片介绍-->
                      <div class="row">
                        <div class="col-sm-7">微软 Lumia 535 双卡双待手机,最新 Windows Phone 8.1 升级版智能操作系统,更流畅,安全,高效的体验</div>
                        <div class="col-sm-5">
                            <img src="/article/UploadPic/2015-5/20155272107229.png" class="img-rounded" />
                        </div>
                    </div>
                </div>
                <div role="tabpanel" class="tab-pane" id="profile">
                    <!--添加文字和图片介绍-->
                    <div class="row">
                        <div class="col-sm-7">微软 Lumia 640 双网双卡双4G手机,内置原装Office应用套装, 随时OneDrive同步存取Office文件,随身编辑更具效率</div>
                        <div class="col-sm-5">
                            <img src="/article/UploadPic/2015-5/20155272107229.png" class="img-rounded" />
                        </div>
                    </div>
                </div>
                <div role="tabpanel" class="tab-pane" id="messages">
                    <!--添加文字和图片介绍-->
                    <div class="row">
                        <div class="col-sm-7">诺基亚 Lumia 830,第一款内置Cortana的Lumia手机,专属你的个人智能助理</div>
                        <div class="col-sm-5">
                            <img src="/article/UploadPic/2015-5/20155272108478.png" class="img-rounded " />
                        </div>
                    </div>
                </div>

            </div>

      D, 添加导航条效果:

 <div class="progress">
        <div class="progress-bar" role="progressbar" aria-valuenow="60" aria-valuemin="0" aria-valuemax="100" style="width: 60%;">
            60%
 
        </div>
    </div>

 以上是Bootstrap的一些应用,我们可以参考官网实例代码以及代码对应的功能介绍,或者代码放到html页面中调试效果。

关键词:官网 页面